Your interpretation of the Second Amendment is flawed.

The Militia Clause is a prefatory clause, which explains of provides a reason for the operative clause, the right of the people to keep and bear arms.

From 9th Century England, through colonial times in America, and persisting on to the present time, a militia has always been comprised of citizens armed with personally owned weapons. The custom actually has its roots in the Roman Republic in the days before the empire. In fact, in 1181, King Henry issued a decree specifying what kind of weapons each class of people must own.

There was never a discussion about whether the citizens of the new nation had the right to own weapons. That’s because there was no dissent from the idea that they did. However, having recently won a war against England that was waged in part over the British crown’s attempts to disarm the colonists, there was a demand for specific prohibitions on the government’s powers. We know these prohibitions as the Bill of Rights.

Just as the federal government is forbidden to restrict the freedoms of speech, freedom of the press, the right to worship as one sees fit, and the right to peaceably assemble, and to petition the government for the redress of grievances, the government is also forbidden to prevent the people from owning and carrying weapons. The Second Amendment doesn’t say what kind of weapons, it just uses the general term of ‘arms’.

The Fourteenth Amendment extended these protections to the states.

And what is the militia? Under current federal law, it is all able-bodied men at least 18 years of age and less than 45 years of age.

Contrary to what some believe, the National Guard is technically not the militia. It is a reserve unit of the Army. It straddles the line between the Army and the great body of the real militia by having the power to be used to support or enforce civil law within the United States, something the Army is prohibited from doing.

Under the Militia Act of 1903, the National Guard is the organized militia; the greater body of the militia is the unorganized militia. There is no provision made to arm or otherwise equip the unorganized militia, but the members are still subject to call and are expected to appear for duty armed with weapons that they own.

Tampa may have turned down a Second Amendment Sanctuary resolution but more than 30 Florida counties have adopted them. The Second Amendment Sanctuary movement is growing so quickly that the map now has to be updated weekly.

Just this week, legislation was introduced proposing a nine-state Second Amendment Sanctuary Compact. Alaska became a Second Amendment Sanctuary state in 2010, and Idaho, Kansas and Wyoming are virtual Second Amendment Sanctuary states as 100% of the counties in those states are Second Amendment Sanctuaries. A majority of counties in Illinois and Washington state are also sanctuaries.

Obviously, a lot of Americans believe the Second Amendment means exactly what it says, the right of the people to keep and bear arms is an individual right that predates the Constitution and, as Supreme Court Chief Justice Morrison Waite said, does not depend on that document for its existence.

The horror of gun ownership today? Are you serious? Have you no concept of even fairly recent American history?

According to the FBI, the period from 2009 to 2018 had the lowest average murder rate of any preceding ten-year period going back to the late 1950s. The CDC’s publicly available data on homicides committed with firearms goes back only to 1981, but it tells the same story.

The percentage of suicides committed with a firearm has been slowing declining over the years. The increase in both the number of people taking their own lives and the rate at which they do it is largely due to a sharp increase in suicides by suffocation, usually by hanging.

This is reality, Ms. Stewart, it isn’t really subject to interpretation, because the sources of the information are unbiased.

Yes, people shouldn’t shoot guns in the air. They are idiots and the practice is illegal. They are misusing firearms. Does that mean that most gun owners fire their guns into the air? Obviously not.

So what if your neighbor wears a gun while mowing the lawn? Has your neighbor at any time threatened you or a member of your family with the gun? If not, why are you making such a big deal about it?

If it bothers you so much, tell your husband to get a gun and wear it while he mows your yard. Or perhaps a sword.

Hate to rain on your parade, but your thesis is basically a mix of baloney and gossip. It’s certainly your right to express it but there isn’t a rational reason for anyone else to buy it.

Professional writer. Passionately interested in facts. Founder of

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